The way out of the economic crisis is through value-added production and exports. For this, there should be good management of our costs and a lot of friends in international markets. Friendships are directly proportional to the interests of the country. There are no permanent friendships and hostilities between states. It's the self-interests that matters. If you set your policies with long-term strategies, you will find a country to sell the goods and services you produce. Ensuring that your laws are fully applied in the countries that trade with you, the validity and superiority of the law is your most important reference in economic relations.
Export is income is import expense. The difference is loss. Unfortunately, this loss is increased by evasion at ports. If a tradesman can import his goods in a short time and at little cost, and produce and sell with added value then the income of the state increases. So the current account deficit decreases.
I've been saying it for years. The costs in Turkey's foreign trade are very high. Under different names, illegal bills are issued and money is collected. Delivery order fee, which the law prohibits, continues to be charged. Some agencies continue to collect the same price by changing its name and calling it a cargo transport document.
Unfortunately, the servage regime continues in bonded temporary warehouses. On one side there are customs directorates and on the other side there are agents and temporary bonded warehouse operators. Customs brokers and merchants engaged in the delivery of goods on behalf of the tradesman are also stuck between them.
Our government enacts a law. But they do what they want. No one says stop this illegal understanding. While saying am I the Don Quixote of the village, some companies are taking back the money they've unfairly paid through lawsuits they've filed.
While all this is happening, Turkey's Foreign Trade pace is slowing. So we're not only wasting time, we're also losing money. According to calculations, the price of $ 4 billion is lost. If the Ministry of economy puts this price in the case of the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey during this period when we have so much foreign exchange deficit, the current account deficit will not only decrease. At the same time, our foreign exchange reserves also increase.
I see that the customs continue to fulfill its duty incompletely and the agents do not give the goods to the customs warehouses and usurp the goods of the tradesman. It was necessary for the Ministry of Commerce to immediately confiscate this situation and do what was necessary. Goods of companies engaged in foreign trade are kept in a lawless place at customs. An agent or carrier cannot keep the goods without law after delivering them to the customs warehouse, that is, it cannot cause goods to wait.
Article 868 of the Turkish Commercial Code states exactly as follows: as the goods arrive at the place of delivery, the sender's authority to issue orders and instructions and other rights expire. From this moment on, these powers and rights belong to the receiver. The provisions of the second and fourth sentences of the first paragraph also apply here.
As the law is so clear and as is the case all over the world, it is the person or firm who is the buyer after this stage have relevant rights. No work or operation can be performed without his approval. In other words, even if the carrier has brought it wrong, no action can be taken without the buyer confirming the written instructions to return it. The carrier has now lost the right to new instructions with a summary declaration to customs. And he can't give any instructions here and there.