Customs clearance, In the most general sense, refers to the realization of the mandatory transactions by the customs legislation and other relevant legislation of the goods and vehicles entering and leaving the Customs Territory of the Republic of Turkey within the scope of foreign trade transactions with a foreign country. The Customs Territory of the Republic of Türkiye covers the territory of the Republic of Turkey. Therefore, Turkish territorial waters, inland waters, and airspace are included in the Turkish customs territory.The individuals themselves can follow customs clearance procedures, which can be carried out by appointing a representative. Article 5 of the Customs Law No. 4458 contains the following provisions in this regard:
“All persons may appoint a representative for their business in customs administrations to realize the savings and transactions stipulated by the customs legislation. Except for the persons engaged in transit transportation or making an accidental declaration, the representative is the persons residing in the customs territory of Turkey.Representation can be direct or indirect. In the case of direct representation, the representative acts on behalf and account of someone else. In the case of indirect representation, he acts on his behalf but on the account of someone else. The representative must declare that he is acting on behalf of the person represented, indicating that the representation is direct or indirect, and submit the representation authorization document he has to the customs administration.
Persons specified in paragraph 1 of Article 225 may pursue business as indirect representatives in customs administrations.”Within the framework of Article 225 of the Customs Law, “The activities related to subjecting the goods to a process or use approved by customs are followed and concluded by the owners and those acting on their behalf through direct representation or by the Customs Brokers indirectly, within the framework of the provisions of Article 5. provision is included.In conclusion; Customs Brokers, in line with the authorities mentioned above in the Customs Law, may perform the savings and transactions envisaged by the customs legislation as a representative; They can conclude by following all kinds of customs procedures.
Customs Brokers are obliged to carry out the transactions required by the customs legislation and the bureaucratic process without errors and to provide highly qualified consultancy services in customs and foreign trade issues, taking into account the legal rights, interests, and benefits of the persons and organizations they represent, in a way that will protect them from all kinds of material and moral damages. Accordingly, customs consultants and assistant consultants are experts with the qualifications specified in Articles 227 and 228 of the Customs Law.Customs Consultancy activities can also be carried out as a customs consultancy company by establishing a private legal entity.
Customs Brokers, to work with the responsibility of the attorney by the Code of Obligations and the liability of the merchant within the framework of the provisions of the Commercial Code; Under the Customs Law No. 4458 and the Anti-Smuggling Law No. 5607, they are obliged to act with the awareness of joint responsibility.Operating with this awareness, our company started its activities in 1981 with the title of "ÜNSPED Beynelmilel Nakliyat - M.Haluk Ündeğer"; In 1995, ÜNSPED became a joint stock company and expanded its scope of activity to "Customs Consultancy and Logistics Services.”Our company provides customs and foreign trade consultancy services at 60 service points in 29 cities with our extensive service network of approximately 1700 specialist personnel, of which one-third consists of Customs Brokers and Assistant Customs Brokers.
In this context, the main services offered to our customers are:
• To analyze the current situation of our customers in foreign trade and customs procedures; measure and evaluate risks; take measures to reduce costs and prevent risks; offer suggestions and implement them.• To determine and implement the customs regimes of the goods coming from or going abroad in line with the information received and the documents submitted and request their rights for inspection and sampling ifnecessary.
• To determine the Customs Tariff Statistics Position (HS-Code) of the goods to be cleared according to the information, documents, and samples submitted by the represented person/organization under Customs Law No. 4458 and related legislation.
• To prepare the customs declaration according to the customs regime to which the goods will be subjected to ensure that the goods are subjected to a legal customs regime under the provisions of Customs Law and relevant legislation by checking the documents that are required to be submitted to the customs administrations and other information and documents submitted by our customers from their counterparty customers, to approve by signing in the capacity of customs consultant; To ensure that missing information and documents are completed, if any.
• To determine if there is a defect, damage, or mistake in the incoming goods at the request of our customers, to issue a report, to inform the customer and other relevant units, and to take the first measures to be taken as hastily as possible.
• To calculate customs duties and inform the customer.
• To deliver the taxpayer a copy of the customs declaration, invoice, receipt, receipt, and similar documents to the customer within a reasonable time; to archive separately on behalf of the customer upon request.
• To follow up and finalize Export Declaration closings.
• Receiving/delivering documents related to foreign trade and customs procedures with courier service facilities.
• To allocate and/or supply personnel/vehicles when needed for loading, unloading, portering, handling, and similar transactions in customs areas.
• To ensure the allocation, supply, follow-up, and termination of personnel and vehicles for obtaining permits/documents/writings, sampling, analysis, and similar works and procedures required for import and export transactions for official institutions and organizations other than the customs administration.
• To ensure that the deposits or guarantees in the agency and customs accounting offices are resolved by following up.
• To obtain, follow up and finalize permissions for the goods to be imported and exported (Domestic Processing Permit -D.İ.İ.B.-, Foreign Processing Permit -H.İ.İ.B., Investment Incentive Certificate -Y.T.B.-, D.İ.İ, H.İ.İ, etc.).
• To deliver the documents with the goods to the shipping company.
• To make the membership registration procedures for the relevant exporters' associations.
• To obtain preliminary permits within the framework of the procedures and principles in the legislation related to the export regime; To have the A.TR, EUR.1, and Origin documents approved to have the necessary certification procedures done according to the country’s situation.
• To make the bill of lading endorsements and to receive the cargo delivery form after receiving the imported documents upon the customer’s request.
• To assist the customer in obtaining binding tariff information using the Customs Tariff Schedule and Prospectus.
• To archive the documents of import and export transactions digitally.
• To apply for reconciliation to the Regional Directorates or the Ministry of Commerce in tax and penalty disputes with the
• To provide electronic information flow related to the business and transactions served and to provide e-service within the framework of the undertaking to be given by the customer for access to information and data regarding past transactions.
• To provide written and/or verbal consultancy on all matters related to foreign trade and customs clearance procedures if the customer needs it.
• To provide temporary/indefinite consultancy in line with the request regarding permits on Inward Processing Permit (D.İ.İ.B.), Outward Processing Permit (H.İ.İ.B.), Investment Incentive Certificate (YTB), Approved Person Status Certificate (OKSB), Authorized Economic Operator Certificate (YYS).
• On TSE Standardization Applications, Tareks applications provide consultancy services on a transaction basis or in general terms.
• To provide comprehensive training on customs and foreign trade.
• To support customs clearance services in other countries upon request.
• To provide information on customs and foreign trade practices and import tax rates of other countries upon request.
• To make chemical analyses in line with customers' demands through our accredited chemistry laboratory.
• To provide legal consultancy when needed in customs and foreign trade issues; to support customers in their litigation processes.
• To inform and report on the business progress of customers through regular meetings; to make sectoral reports, to offer suggestions to improve customs business processes.
• To analyze foreign trade and logistics business processes in line with customer requests and to offer improvement suggestions.
• To follow ETGB transactions within the scope of fast cargo operations.
• To support other foreign trade businesses and processes such as domestic and international transportation and insurance.
• To track online and report via the Customer Work Portal and other applications/applications.